Dilhan Eryurt: Why a Google Doodle celebrates the Turkish astrophysicist today

Dilhan Eryurt: Why a Google Doodle celebrates the Turkish astrophysicist today

    Dilhan Eryurt: Why a Google Doodle celebrates the Turkish astrophysicist today 


    Professor Eryurt’s studies were pivotal at a new time of space journies, and illustrated how the sun is'nt warming, but is actually getting cooler and losing its brightness


    Today’s Google Doodle celebrates the iconic heroic Turkish astrophysicist Dilhan Eryurt.

    The illustration demonstrate an image for woman looking up at the stars, the origins of which she helped uncover for NASA in the 1960s.

    The only woman astronomer at the space agency at the time, Dr Eryurt’s magnefcient career spans continents and perhaps most memorably, she made a significant discovery which contributed to the success of the Apollo 11 Moon landing mission.


    Early life

    Born in Izmir in west Turkey on November 29th, 1926, Dilhan Eryurt’s father was Abidin Ege who was the Minister of Parliament in the Grand National Assembly of Turkey for Denizli Province in 1944.

    briefly after her father’s arrival in Izmir, her family moved to Istanbul and then Ankara after a few years later, where she finished her primary and secondary education.

    She improved a love for mathematics in high school, and continued to study it at college, before astronomy peaked her interest and hold her attention.

    Academia

    She helped open an Astronomy Department at Ankara University, before receiving her doctorate degree there in 1953 after spending time at the University of Michigan.

    She has got a two-year scholarship to Canada from the International Atomic Energy Agency in 1959 where she worked with eminent space scientist Alastair G. W. Cameron.
    She returned to the USA to work for the Soroptimist Federation of America at Indiana University, and on the identification of Stellar Models at the Goethe Link Observatory, having a job with Marshall
    Wrubel.

    A scientific achievement

    After that she went to work at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Centre in Maryland where she made a big breakthroughs due to the solar system’s largest star.

    Professor Eryurt understood that, contrary to popular wisdom, the brightness of the Sun had decreased while its 4.5 billion years lifespan, meaning it was warmer and brighter in the past centuries.

    Her research influenced space flights, and she later received the Apollo Achievement prize for her work in helping to model the solar effect on the lunar environment for Apollo 11’s Moon landing mission.

    She continued to work at the California University, where she studied the formation and improvement of Main Sequence stars, which are a continuous band of stars appearing on lots of stellar colour.

    Later life

    In 1968, the professor went back to Turkey to settle in their first National Astronomy Congress, only to return to NASA the next year.

    Dr Eryurt went on with her scientific research with NASA until 1973 when she came back to the ODTÜ Physics Department and started up the Astrophysics Branch.

    She was awarded the Tübitak Science Award in 1977.

    In 1988, she became maneger of the Physics Department for six months, and then became the Dean of the Faculty of Science and Letters for five years later.

    She had a suffering from a heart attack and died in Ankara on September 13, 2012, at the age of 85.
    Ahmed adel
    @Posted by
    writer and blogger, founder of Echo Life .

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